H A P P Y B I R T H D A Y ,  M A R C E L  D U C H A M P ! ! !
Black and white bust-length portrait of Duchamp seated behind his glass piece, "The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors Even (The Green Box)", from 1934, with a Life Magazine logo on the bottom right.
Black and white photograph, taken by Eliot Elisofon in 1952, of Marcel Duchamp descending a staircase, referencing his 1912 painting "Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2," wherein there are multiple views of him in motion throughout the descent of the staircase.



From Cubism to Futurism, to Dada and Surrealism, Marcel Duchamp (July 28, 1887 - October 2, 1968) has been associated with many different artistic movements, even though he refused to be affiliated with any specific style and eventually renounced artmaking all together. Perhaps Willem de Kooning aptly categorized Duchamp best, describing him as a one-man movement. Whatever the case, it is clear that Duchamp's evolution as an artist was all about subverting traditional modes of artistic production and using ideas as the driving force for art, which is why many consider him to be the father of Conceptual art. His prolific work, full of playful ridicule and the questioning of status quo, paved the way for later styles such as Pop and Minimalism, undeniably changing the course of art history in a way that very few artists can claim to this day.

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